Al Monitor : Une crise de l’eau se prépare-t-elle entre la Turquie et l’Iran ?

This picture taken on December 8, 2018 shows a general view of recreational boats along the shore of the salt lake of Urmia and Shahid Kalantari causeway crossing it, in the northwest of Iran which had been shrinking in one of the worst ecological disasters of the past 25 years. - Formerly the largest lake in the Middle East, the shrinking of Urmia finally appears to be stabilising as officials see the start of a revival. Situated in the mountains of northwest Iran and fed by 13 rivers, it was designated as a site of international importance under the 1971 UN Convention on Wetlands. Between 1995 and 2013 a combination of prolonged drought, over-farming and dams saw the lake's surface shrink by an estimated 88 percent to just 700 square-kilometres (km2), according to the UN Environment Department. (Photo by ATTA KENARE / AFP) (Photo by ATTA KENARE/AFP via Getty Images)

La discorde sur les eaux transfrontalières et la construction de barrages apparaît comme un facteur majeur sous-jacent aux tensions dans les relations turco-iraniennes.

A row over transboundary waters is simmering between Turkey and Iran, adding to recent tensions over the formation of a new government in Iraq and the control of the Iraqi region of Sinjar. Irked by Turkey’s construction of dams on the Aras and Tigris rivers, Tehran has come to publicly accuse Ankara, cranking up a dispute that has been largely confined to diplomatic channels thus far. LINK TO ARTICLE